Top Cited Articles of All Time (2019 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2019 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2019-12-29. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2019 editions

73589 core citations up to the end of 2019PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (M. Tanabashi (Nagoya U. & KMI, Nagoya) et al.). 2018. 1898 pp.
Published in Phys.Rev. D98 (2018) no.3, 030001
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.98.030001

  1. 14797 core citations up to the end of 2019
  2. 10711 core citations up to the end of 2019
  3. 10589 core citations up to the end of 2019
  4. 10158 core citations up to the end of 2019
  5. 9930 core citations up to the end of 2019
  6. 9797 core citations up to the end of 2019
  7. 9601 core citations up to the end of 2019
  8. 9301 core citations up to the end of 2019
  9. 8213 core citations up to the end of 2019
  10. 8180 core citations up to the end of 2019
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  11. 7733 core citations up to the end of 2019
  12. 7625 core citations up to the end of 2019
  13. 7478 core citations up to the end of 2019
  14. 7128 core citations up to the end of 2019
  15. 6962 core citations up to the end of 2019
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U., DAMTP & Caltech). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF01608497, 10.1007/BF02345020

  16. 6586 core citations up to the end of 2019
  17. 6549 core citations up to the end of 2019
  18. 6479 core citations up to the end of 2019
  19. 6442 core citations up to the end of 2019
  20. 6315 core citations up to the end of 2019
  21. 6228 core citations up to the end of 2019
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  22. 5993 core citations up to the end of 2019
  23. 5606 core citations up to the end of 2019
  24. 5606 core citations up to the end of 2019
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  25. 5552 core citations up to the end of 2019
  26. 5256 core citations up to the end of 2019
  27. 5193 core citations up to the end of 2019
  28. 5082 core citations up to the end of 2019
  29. 5077 core citations up to the end of 2019
  30. 5072 core citations up to the end of 2019
  31. 4927 core citations up to the end of 2019
  32. 4910 core citations up to the end of 2019
  33. 4872 core citations up to the end of 2019
  34. 4830 core citations up to the end of 2019
    A Brief Introduction to PYTHIA 8.1
    Torbjorn Sjostrand (CERN & Lund U.), Stephen Mrenna (Fermilab), Peter Z. Skands (CERN & Fermilab). Oct 2007. 27 pp.
    Published in Comput.Phys.Commun. 178 (2008) 852-867
    CERN-LCGAPP-2007-04, LU-TP-07-28, FERMILAB-PUB-07-512-CD-T
    DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2008.01.036
    e-Print: arXiv:0710.3820 [hep-ph] | PDF

  35. 4806 core citations up to the end of 2019
  36. 4804 core citations up to the end of 2019
    Planck 2013 results. XVI. Cosmological parameters
    Planck Collaboration (P.A.R. Ade (Cardiff U.) et al.). Mar 20, 2013. 66 pp.
    Published in Astron.Astrophys. 571 (2014) A16
    CERN-PH-TH-2013-129
    DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201321591
    e-Print: arXiv:1303.5076 [astro-ph.CO] | PDF

  37. 4793 core citations up to the end of 2019
  38. 4792 core citations up to the end of 2019
  39. 4660 core citations up to the end of 2019
    Parton distributions for the LHC
    A.D. Martin (Durham U., IPPP), W.J. Stirling (Cambridge U.), R.S. Thorne, G. Watt (University Coll. London). Jan 2009. 157 pp.
    Published in Eur.Phys.J. C63 (2009) 189-285
    IPPP-08-95, DCPT-08-190, CAVENDISH-HEP-08-16
    DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-009-1072-5
    e-Print: arXiv:0901.0002 [hep-ph] | PDF