Top Cited Articles of All Time (2009 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2009 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2019-12-29. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2009 editions

37632 core citations up to the end of 2009PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (M. Tanabashi (Nagoya U. & KMI, Nagoya) et al.). 2018. 1898 pp.
Published in Phys.Rev. D98 (2018) no.3, 030001
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.98.030001

  1. 7571 core citations up to the end of 2009
  2. 6746 core citations up to the end of 2009
  3. 6290 core citations up to the end of 2009
  4. 4624 core citations up to the end of 2009
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  5. 4543 core citations up to the end of 2009
  6. 4461 core citations up to the end of 2009
  7. 4268 core citations up to the end of 2009
  8. 4108 core citations up to the end of 2009
  9. 4015 core citations up to the end of 2009
  10. 3994 core citations up to the end of 2009
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  11. 3960 core citations up to the end of 2009
  12. 3833 core citations up to the end of 2009
  13. 3759 core citations up to the end of 2009
  14. 3695 core citations up to the end of 2009
  15. 3419 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  16. 3409 core citations up to the end of 2009
  17. 3388 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U., DAMTP & Caltech). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF01608497, 10.1007/BF02345020

  18. 3375 core citations up to the end of 2009
  19. 3372 core citations up to the end of 2009
  20. 3370 core citations up to the end of 2009
  21. 3325 core citations up to the end of 2009
  22. 3290 core citations up to the end of 2009
  23. 3240 core citations up to the end of 2009
  24. 3181 core citations up to the end of 2009
  25. 3089 core citations up to the end of 2009
  26. 3086 core citations up to the end of 2009
  27. 3065 core citations up to the end of 2009
  28. 3064 core citations up to the end of 2009
  29. 3041 core citations up to the end of 2009
  30. 2989 core citations up to the end of 2009
  31. 2775 core citations up to the end of 2009
  32. 2773 core citations up to the end of 2009
  33. 2721 core citations up to the end of 2009
  34. 2714 core citations up to the end of 2009
  35. 2695 core citations up to the end of 2009
  36. 2668 core citations up to the end of 2009
  37. 2653 core citations up to the end of 2009
  38. 2649 core citations up to the end of 2009
  39. 2618 core citations up to the end of 2009