Top Cited Articles of All Time (2004 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2004 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2019-12-29. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2004 editions

25229 core citations up to the end of 2004PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (M. Tanabashi (Nagoya U. & KMI, Nagoya) et al.). 2018. 1898 pp.
Published in Phys.Rev. D98 (2018) no.3, 030001
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.98.030001

  1. 6612 core citations up to the end of 2004
  2. 4846 core citations up to the end of 2004
  3. 3673 core citations up to the end of 2004
  4. 3537 core citations up to the end of 2004
  5. 3490 core citations up to the end of 2004
  6. 3394 core citations up to the end of 2004
  7. 3082 core citations up to the end of 2004
  8. 3051 core citations up to the end of 2004
  9. 3000 core citations up to the end of 2004
  10. 2947 core citations up to the end of 2004
  11. 2845 core citations up to the end of 2004
  12. 2815 core citations up to the end of 2004
  13. 2701 core citations up to the end of 2004
  14. 2671 core citations up to the end of 2004
  15. 2655 core citations up to the end of 2004
  16. 2594 core citations up to the end of 2004
  17. 2516 core citations up to the end of 2004
  18. 2501 core citations up to the end of 2004
  19. 2490 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  20. 2440 core citations up to the end of 2004
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  21. 2412 core citations up to the end of 2004
  22. 2337 core citations up to the end of 2004
  23. 2336 core citations up to the end of 2004
  24. 2336 core citations up to the end of 2004
  25. 2330 core citations up to the end of 2004
  26. 2302 core citations up to the end of 2004
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  27. 2279 core citations up to the end of 2004
  28. 2269 core citations up to the end of 2004
  29. 2263 core citations up to the end of 2004
  30. 2197 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U., DAMTP & Caltech). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF01608497, 10.1007/BF02345020

  31. 2169 core citations up to the end of 2004
  32. 2155 core citations up to the end of 2004
  33. 2132 core citations up to the end of 2004
  34. 2123 core citations up to the end of 2004
  35. 2096 core citations up to the end of 2004
  36. 1987 core citations up to the end of 2004
  37. 1970 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Resonance Amplification of Oscillations in Matter and Spectroscopy of Solar Neutrinos
    S.P. Mikheyev, A.Yu. Smirnov (Moscow, INR). 1986. 8 pp.
    Published in Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 42 (1985) 913-917, Yad.Fiz. 42 (1985) 1441-1448

  38. 1960 core citations up to the end of 2004
  39. 1954 core citations up to the end of 2004